What is Baking Soda ?

Baking soda is a white crystalline powder (NaHCO3) better known as bicarbonate of soda, bread soda, cooking soda, and sodium bicarbonate. It has many uses in baking, as a cleaning agent, and in fire extinguishers.

Baking soda is a natural compound called sodium bicarbonate. It's a white powder that's been used for centuries as a leavening agent in baking. When combined with an acidic ingredient like yogurt or lemon juice, it releases carbon dioxide gas, which causes breads and cakes to rise.

Baking soda can also be used as a cleaning agent. When mixed with water, it forms a mildly abrasive solution that can be used to clean surfaces like countertops and sinks. It's also effective at removing stains and odors from fabric.

So next time you reach for that box of baking soda, remember that it's not just for baking!

How is Baking Soda Made?

Baking soda is a common household ingredient with a variety of uses. But how is it made?

Baking soda is also known as sodium bicarbonate, and is a salt that is composed of sodium and bicarbonate ions. These ions are formed when carbon dioxide reacts with water.

The manufacturing process of baking soda begins with the extraction of mineral deposits from the earth. The minerals are then washed and dried before being transported to factories.

At the factory, the minerals are mixed with water and calcium oxide, otherwise known as lime. This mixture is then heated until it becomes carbon dioxide and sodium hydroxide, or caustic soda.

The caustic soda is then combined with carbon dioxide to create sodium bicarbonate, which is then filtered and dried to create baking soda.

The Many Uses of Baking Soda

Baking soda is one of those under-appreciated kitchen staples that can be used for so much more than just baking. This versatile ingredient can be used for cleaning, deodorizing, and even as a natural remedy for some common ailments.

One of the most popular uses for baking soda is as a natural cleaning agent. It’s abrasive qualities make it great for scrubbing away tough stains and dirt. And because it’s non-toxic, it’s safe to use around children and pets.

Baking soda can also be used to freshen up your home. Sprinkle some in your trash can to help control odors or place a bowl of baking soda in your refrigerator to absorb any unwanted smells.

If you’re looking for a natural way to soothe some common ailments, baking soda may be able to help. Add a half cup of baking soda to your bathtub to help relieve muscle aches and pains or mix equal parts baking soda and water to create a paste that can be applied to insect bites or poison ivy rashes to help relieve itching.

Baking Soda Recipes for Home made Cleaners

Looking for a more natural way to clean your home? Baking soda is a great alternative to harsh chemicals. Not only is it environmentally friendly, but it's also gentle and effective. Check out these recipes for homemade cleaners using baking soda.

All-Purpose Cleaner: Mix 1 teaspoon baking soda with 1 cup water. This cleaner can be used on surfaces like countertops, sinks, and floors.

Window Cleaner: Mix 1/2 cup baking soda with 1/2 cup vinegar and 1 cup water. This cleaner is perfect for windows, mirrors, and other glass surfaces.

Oven Cleaner: Make a paste of 3 tablespoons baking soda and 1 tablespoon water. Spread the paste on the inside of your oven and let it sit for about 15 minutes. Then, wipe away the grime with a damp cloth.


Baking soda is an incredibly versatile and powerful substance. It can be used for cleaning, cooking, and even health remedies. While it may seem like a simple ingredient, baking soda has a variety of uses that can be extremely helpful in your everyday life. Next time you need to clean something or want to try a new recipe, remember to grab the baking soda!